We help you make investments that matter. Here are the details.

Please note that many of these answers are simplified to help our investors better understand our investment products. In the case of CoPower Green Bonds, all investors should review CoPower's Green Bond Offering Memorandum (issued May 11, 2018) which provides all material facts relating to the offering of CoPower Green Bonds.

Updated September 17, 2018


Impact and responsible investing

What is impact investing?

Impact investing is a strategy that involves investing in companies or projects with the intention of generating measurable, positive social and environmental benefits alongside financial returns.


What is the difference between responsible investing and impact investing?

While responsible investing strategies often involve applying a passive screen, such as avoiding investment in harmful companies or sectors, for example tobacco, weapons or fossil fuels, impact investing actively seeks to invest in companies or projects with the intention of generating measurable positive social and environmental benefits alongside financial returns.


As an investment that supports the development of community-scale clean energy projects that are expected to reduce carbon pollution, while generating competitive returns, CoPower Green Bonds are considered impact investments.


What is a green bond?

Like a government or corporate bond, a green bond is a fixed-return debt investment. When an investor purchases a bond, the issuing institution, whether a government or a company, pledges to pay the initial investment back plus interest over a fixed period of time.


Green bonds specifically raise funds for projects or initiatives that offer environmental benefits. A government green bond for example may be used to finance the expansion of public transit.


CoPower Green Bonds raise funds to support the development of small to mid-sized clean energy and energy efficiency projects primarily across Canada.


Investing with CoPower

How does CoPower work?

CoPower’s team of experts work with clean energy firms to identify clean energy or energy efficiency projects that generate, or are expected to generate steady, predictable revenue streams by either selling clean power or by reducing energy consumption. We run a robust due diligence process before making loans that financially enable the projects.


CoPower pools these loans into green investment products, like our flagship Green Bonds, that make it easy for investors of all sizes to participate in these opportunities. Revenues from the projects are used to pay back CoPower investors over time, with interest. Investors can monitor their financial performance and impact using CoPower’s online platform. Please consult our Green Bond Offering Memorandum dated May 11, 2018 for details on our standard due diligence processes.


Browse our site to learn about the types of investment products we offer and some of the projects we’ve financed to date. An investor account is required to view full product offering details. Click the Get Started button to create an account.


What are the benefits of investing through CoPower?

We provide access to investment opportunities that have traditionally been limited to institutional and high-net-worth investors or those with specialized expertise in clean technologies. CoPower makes it easy for individual investors, pending a positive suitability assessment, to invest in clean energy and energy efficiency infrastructure projects.


By investing with CoPower you can earn competitive returns, diversify your portfolio, and have a positive impact on the climate. We make the process easy by allowing you to review investment opportunities, sign legal documents, make payments, and review your financial and impact performance, all through our secure online platform.


What types of investments does CoPower offer?

CoPower Green Bonds are fixed income products and are backed by senior, secured loans (debt investments) to clean energy projects, including clean energy generation projects and energy efficiency infrastructure projects.


For accredited investors, including institutional investors, CoPower also offers bespoke direct investments in opportunities that fall outside of our CoPower Green Bond investment criteria. These may include higher yielding construction finance loans and/or project equity. For more information please contact investors@copower.me.


Who can invest?

CoPower offers investment opportunities for all types of investors -- from individuals to institutions -- pending positive suitability assessment.


CoPower Green Bonds are available to individual investors pending a positive suitability assessment. Our current Green Bond investors include millennials making their first investment, grandparents investing on behalf of a grandchild, investment advisors making purchases for clients, and a major Canadian financial institution.


For Canadian accredited investors we also offer direct investment opportunities.


Our investment products are currently available to purchase via the CoPower platform in Ontario, British Columbia, Québec, Alberta, Sasktachewan, Nova Scotia and Yukon, and will be available in all Canadian provinces and territories soon - please sign up for our mailing list or contact us at investors@copower.me if you’d like to invest but we are not yet available in your province of residence. Our investment products are currently not available outside of Canada.


How can I see your offering documents?

To view our Green Bond offering documents visit our Green Bond investment page and click on the Offering Memorandum button. If you do not yet have an investor account you will be prompted to fill out a form with your email address and province after which we will email you a secure link to our offering memorandum.


How does CoPower make money?

We earn our revenues at the project level by charging a loan origination fee to the borrower. We also charge a management fee to CoPower Finance Inc., the subsidiary of CoPower Inc. that issues CoPower Green Bonds. This management fee is based on the "spread" -- that is to say, the variable difference between revenues from interest payments on loans and the fixed bond obligations. These revenues help us cover the cost of sourcing projects, structuring our green investment products and maintaining our online platform, among other costs.


How do you track the impact of investments?

Each quarter we report on the environmental impact of your investment. The environmental impact is based on internal calculations performed by CoPower relying in part on standardized carbon accounting methodology. We also rely on data from the projects and determine your individual contribution based on percentage of overall project cost.


For example, to calculate solar impact we use clean energy projections as determined by PVSyst, the industry standard. We then check this against actual monthly solar production numbers for our projects as reported by the utility companies. To calculate energy efficiency we use projections of how much electricity and natural gas will be saved by the retrofit as determined by an independent engineering report. We check this against actual savings as measured by an independent engineer after one year.


To calculate greenhouse gas emissions avoided we use conversion factors provided by Environment Canada’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report.


How do you process financial transactions securely?

The CoPower website does not perform any financial transactions. Authorization for transactions is obtained when you e-sign legal documents using the CoPower platform and Adobe Document Cloud. These authorization documents are used by CoPower and our bank (our shareholder, Royal Bank of Canada) to perform financial transactions off-line from our website. We only accept payments in the following forms:


  • Pre-authorized payments originated by CoPower with the investor’s express consent.
  • Cheques and wires originated by the investor may be accepted

  • In order for us to originate a pre-authorized debit, we are required to comply with the stringent security policies of both RBC and Payments Canada. For more information about the security of pre-authorized payments, please see Payment Canada's website here.


    How do you safeguard my personal and financial information?

    We use bank-level security to protect your data to keep your account information safe, including passwords and personal information. Our 128-bit SSL certificate encrypts all information transmitted between your browser and our web servers and the green lock in your browser’s address bar shows that your connection to CoPower’s website is encrypted and authenticated with TLS 1.2 -- a modern transmission security scheme.


    CoPower documents and data are stored on best-in-class cloud computing services, such as Amazon Web Services and Adobe Document Cloud. These top-tier cloud services are in highly-secure sites, and are continually upgraded and monitored by trusted third parties, so are considered to be more secure and reliable than a local computer monitored by one company. We generally review the security policies of the services we use, and select services with optimal security features.


    Our platform has been developed with numerous safeguards to help guard against the leakage of data. These include IP address-based session hijacking prevention, captcha forms, just-in-time decryption and other web security best practices.


    We have also provided the option to each investor to enable two-factor-authentication on their CoPower investor account. 2FA is an additional layer of protection that significantly decreases the risk of a hacker accessing your online accounts by requiring you to enter both your password and a unique authentication code sent instantly to your mobile device via email or text message.


    Why do I need to fill out an investor application and have a “know your client” phone call?

    CoPower has a responsibility to ensure that our investment products are suitable for each and every investor. The investor application includes questions regarding your investment goals, risk tolerance, liquidity needs, as well as basic financial information to ensure that both the product and your intended investment amount is appropriate.


    Following the application, the final step before being approved as a CoPower investor is a phone call with one of our dealing representatives to review the information provided and ensure you understand the investment product. It’s also a helpful point of contact to ask any additional questions you might have.



    Investing in CoPower Green Bonds

    Who can invest in CoPower Green Bonds?

    CoPower Green Bonds are available to individual investors, pending a positive suitability assessment. Our Green Bond investors include millennials making their first investment, grandparents investing on behalf of a grandchild and investment advisors at major institutions making purchases for clients.


    CoPower Green Bonds are currently available for investment via the CoPower platform in Ontario, British Columbia, Québec, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon and Nova Scotia. Canadians outside of eligible provinces and territories may invest via a securities dealer. Please contact investors@copower.me for more information and sign up for our mailing list to receive notifications as we work to become available across Canada.


    Is there a minimum investment?

    The minimum investment amount in CoPower Green Bonds is $5,000. Thereafter, investors can purchase bonds in increments of $1,000.


    Is there a maximum investment?

    Depending on your financial situation, there may also be an upper limit to the amount you can invest in CoPower Green Bonds under Canadian securities law. You don’t need to worry about these limits as our online platform and our investor relations team will take care of these details but we have set out some guidance below for your information.


  • There is no legally defined upper limit to the amount an accredited investor may invest; however CoPower's suitability assessment will still apply.
  • Eligible investors may invest up to $30,000 in products offered under the Offering Memorandum exemption in any given 12-month period but in some cases they may invest up to a maximum of $100,000.
  • Investors that are neither eligible investors nor accredited Investors (we call them “public investors”) may invest up to $10,000 in products offered under the Offering Memorandum exemption in any 12-month period.


  • What do the terms accredited, eligible and public investor mean?

  • There are many categories of accredited investors, the ones we most commonly encounter are individuals that have: (i) either more than $200,000 in net annual income before taxes, or more than $300,000 in net annual income before taxes together with their spouse, in either case for each of 2016, 2017 and 2018, or (ii) $1,000,000 in financial assets net of related liabilities.
  • There are also many categories of eligible investors, the ones we most commonly encounter are individuals that have: (i) at least $75,000 in net annual income before taxes, or $125,000 in net annual income before taxes with their spouse, in either case for each of 2016, 2017 and 2018, or (ii) $400,000 in net assets.
  • A “public investor” has less than $75,000 in annual income or $125,000 in annual income with their spouse and less than $400,000 in net assets.

  • How and when will I see my returns on my Green Bond investment?

    You will start earning interest immediately on the date that your CoPower Green Bonds are issued. CoPower Green Bonds are issued on the first day of every month.


    If you select a simple interest bond, you will receive quarterly interest payments deposited directly into your bank account, and principal will be repaid at maturity.


    If you select a compounding interest bond, each quarterly interest distribution will be re-invested into green bonds, and you will then earn interest on all interest accrued, as well as on your principal investment. In this case, all principal and interest would be repaid at maturity.


    Is an investment in CoPower Green Bonds secure?

    The project loans underlying CoPower Green Bonds are secured by the project assets. We are also careful to invest in projects we believe to be of high quality: clean energy projects, primarily in Canada, that produce a steady revenue stream. We lend to projects where there is a strong counterparty (ie. end payer), and we require certain security mechanisms, such as insurance, warranties, and debt-service reserve funds, to further mitigate risk for our investors.


    Important disclosures about our investment criteria, risks of an investment in CoPower Green Bonds, conflicts of interest and risk mitigation procedures are outlined in the Green Bond Offering Memorandum dated May 11, 2018. All investors should read the Offering Memorandum before investing in CoPower Green Bonds.


    Are CoPower Green Bonds rated?

    CoPower Green Bonds are not rated by an external agency at this time due to the cost of third-party ratings relative to the size of the offering ($20M).


    How does CoPower make loans to the projects backing the Green Bond portfolio?

    CoPower originates loans through trusted channel partners: energy firms with specialized development expertise that manage the installation process. Each project loan follows a standard due diligence exercise and checklist and is structured by our team of experts, with oversight provided by the Chief Investment Officer and support from experienced legal counsel.


    We maintain a standard due diligence checklist which is adapted to suit the needs of each individual loan. CoPower’s due diligence typically includes a review of both the sponsor and the project in question.


    CoPower will review the sponsor’s corporate history, background, development expertise, management team, financial performance, liabilities, conflicts of interest and share capitalization.


    In terms of the project, CoPower will review and analyze financial projections and assumptions, the project development schedule, suppliers of technology and feedstock, operations, maintenance regulatory considerations, environmental problems or claims and insurance. Details regarding our due diligence process can be found in the CoPower Green Bond Offering Memorandum dated May 11, 2018.


    Can I invest in a specific clean energy project of my choosing?

    No, and for good reason. In order to mitigate risk for investors, we pool together the loans we’ve made to clean energy projects into a diversified portfolio that backs our Green Bonds. By combining hundreds of projects across different geographies, technologies and counterparties, we prevent bondholders from being overly exposed to any one area. This is an important feature of our bonds and is in part what makes them suitable for individuals.


    Is refinancing impactful?

    Many of the project loans backing our Green Bonds are refinancing for operational clean energy projects. According to the Climate Bonds Initiative, the primary value provided by the bond market is refinancing, in that refinancing allows capital to be recycled to new projects. The easier it is for investors and lenders to recycle their equity, the more they will invest a new projects. A large and liquid green bond market is a necessary precondition for building low carbon infrastructure at scale.

    In seeking to add the greatest value and meet the needs of clean energy developers CoPower provides other types of financing as well.


    Are there any fees associated with investing in CoPower Green Bonds?

    CoPower bears all issuing, management and administrative expenses of CoPower Green Bonds, so the projected annual return that we disclose is your expected net return. If you invest in CoPower Green Bonds directly via our platform there are no investor fees, period.


    Note that some financial institutions may charge additional fees for holding private placements in registered accounts. Please inquire with your registered account custodian whether additional account administration fees, transfer fees or placement fees apply.


    If payment is made by wire transfer or cheque instead of pre-authorized debit, a $25 processing fee may apply.


    Can I invest through an RRSP or TFSA?

    CoPower Green Bonds are eligible to be held in most registered accounts (eg. RRSP, TFSA, RESP, RRIF).


    All CoPower clients can open a registered account at Olympia Trust or Questrade and invest in CoPower Green Bonds. Certain administrative fees apply, and your financial institution may charge you fees for holding private placements on your behalf.


    Check out our RRSP Calculator tool to find out if this route is right for you, or email investors@copower.me and one of our investment representatives would be happy to help you.


    Can I invest via my own financial institution, advisor or brokerage?

    While the majority of investors choose to invest directly through CoPower’s platform, there are growing number of financial institutions, wealth managers and online investment brokerages that have successfully facilitated CoPower Green Bond investments for their clients. If you have an advisor, get in touch with us and we’ll help you explore your options: investors@copower.me.


    Questrade: All CoPower investors can open an account at Questrade to purchase or hold CoPower Green Bonds in registered or non-registered accounts. We've provided additional information about this option here.


    Olympia Trust: All CoPower investors can open an account at Olympia Trust to purchase or hold CoPower Green Bonds in registered accounts.


    It’s important to note that financial institutions each have different policies and possibly fees associated with holding private placements on your behalf. Ask your current account administrator about their private placement policies, or email investors@copower.me for more information.


    I’m an investment advisor. Can I buy CoPower Green Bonds or other investments on a client’s behalf?

    Yes. CoPower Green Bonds can be purchased on a client’s behalf as a private placement. Please email investors@copower.me for more information.


    Can I sell my Green Bonds?

    No, CoPower Green Bonds are private investments and are not traded on any public exchange and cannot be easily sold or traded on a secondary market. Investors should be prepared to hold their bonds to maturity.